Charles Hodge has an excellent summary of Romans 8 in his Systematic Theology (III.XVI.8). In this section he gives six arguments of Paul’s proving that those whom Christ has saved will never come into condemnation. In other words, they will be preserved. Here’s Hodge:
The whole of the eighth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans is designed to prove the certain salvation of all who believe. The proposition to be established is, that there is “no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus.” That is, they can never perish; they can never be so separated from Christ as to come into condemnation
The Apostle’s first argument to establish that proposition, is, that believers are delivered from the law by the sacrifice of Christ. The believer, therefore, is not under the law which condemns, as Paul had before said in Romans 6:4.
His second argument is that they…
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