7:16 Your house … your kingdom … your throne. Lk 1:32b, 33 indicates that these 3 terms are fulfilled in Jesus, “… and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.” forever. This word conveys the idea of 1) an indeterminately long time or 2) into eternity future. It does not mean that there cannot be interruptions, but rather that the outcome is guaranteed. Christ’s Davidic reign will conclude human history.
MacArthur Study Bible
7:16 The three promises in this verse—the permanence of David’s dynasty, kingdom, and throne—summarize Yahweh’s 10 promises in 2 Sam 7:9–15. They are mentioned three times in Psa 89:4, 29, 36.
Central to the nt is the understanding of Jesus as the culmination and ultimate fulfillment of the Davidic covenant. All four Gospels recognize Jesus as the Son of David (especially Luke; see Luke 1:32, 69). The “kingdom of God” (or “kingdom of heaven”) language of the Gospel accounts also affirm the other aspects of 2 Sam 7:16, identifying Jesus’ kingdom as inaugurated on earth but not yet fully realized—with its full realization happening in Jesus’ return. Paul likewise testifies to Jesus’ Davidic heritage, particularly in Rom 1:3 and 2 Tim 2:8. In addition, Revelation acknowledges Jesus’ ancestry (see Rev 5:5; 22:16). By identifying Jesus as a descendant of David, the nt authors affirm their conviction that Jesus is Yahweh’s ultimate anointed ruler (Messiah or Christ) from the Davidic line.
Faithlife Study Bible
7:16, 17 It further promised that David’s house, his kingdom, and his throne would be established forever, and that his own descendants would sit upon the throne. David’s dynasty has been interrupted since the Babylonian captivity, but it will be restored when Christ, the Seed of David, returns to reign over all the earth. Jensen elaborates:
David wanted to build a temple for God, but Solomon was given the privilege. Undoubtedly the character of David’s life work for God was fighting, not building. But even by this fighting he was clearing the way for another to lay the foundation of that house of worship which his heart had so fondly desired to build. After the warring was over, Solomon erected the temple from materials which David had prepared. David represents Christ in His suffering and victory over the great enemy. Solomon represents Christ in His glory after the suffering and the conflicts are finished. The church, which is the true temple of God, having Christ for its chief cornerstone, will be manifested in the last day. Now in the church’s days of suffering and conflict the materials are being prepared for this glorious building for God.
Believer’s Bible Commentary