12–14 As the time approaches for Moses to take up the lead of the Israelites, he becomes concerned as to the identity of the companion God has promised him (32:34; 33:2). He believes that a mere angel is no substitute for the presence of God. “I know you by name” (v. 12) is tantamount to saying, “I have singled you out” or “I have chosen/selected you.” There are six uses of the verb yādaʿ (“to know, teach” in v. 13) in five verses (vv. 12–17). Moses asks the Lord for a demonstration of his love so that he might know and serve him better (v. 13). The Lord responds by promising, “My Presence [lit., ‘my face’] will go with you” (v. 14). With this new word the Lord reinstates the angel of his presence, in whom he has invested his “Name” (23:20–21), as the leader of Israel’s way to Canaan.
33:12–17 Again Moses entered earnestly and confidently into the role of intercessor before God for the nation whom he again referred to as “Your people” (vv. 13, 16). Moses clearly understood that without God’s presence they would not be a people set apart from other nations, so why travel any further? Moses’ favored standing before the Lord comes out in the positive response to his intercession (v. 17).
33:12–16 Moses intercedes again on behalf of the people (see 32:11–13, 30–32) and appeals both to the special relationship that he has with the Lord and to the fact that this nation is your people (33:13). Although God has drawn back from destroying all the people, he has promised only to send an angel to lead them into the land. This is not good enough for Moses, who demands that the Lord himself accompany them (v. 15). God accepts his plea, and his presence is demonstrated personally to Moses in 33:17–34:28 and publicly by the construction of the tabernacle (chs. 35–40).
33:14 My presence will go God promises to accompany Moses and the people to the promised land.
33:14 presence. Lit. “face.” God Himself would go with Moses.
 Kaiser, W. C., Jr. (2008). Exodus. In T. Longman III & D. E. Garland (Eds.), The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: Genesis–Leviticus (Revised Edition) (Vol. 1, p. 545). Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.
 MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (2006). The MacArthur study Bible: New American Standard Bible. (Ex 33:12–17). Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers.
 Crossway Bibles. (2008). The ESV Study Bible (p. 199). Wheaton, IL: Crossway Bibles.
 Barry, J. D., Mangum, D., Brown, D. R., Heiser, M. S., Custis, M., Ritzema, E., … Bomar, D. (2012, 2016). Faithlife Study Bible (Ex 33:14). Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.
 Sproul, R. C. (Ed.). (2005). The Reformation Study Bible: English Standard Version (p. 143). Orlando, FL; Lake Mary, FL: Ligonier Ministries.