1Discipline, its acceptance. Those who are wise listen to instruction and respond properly to discipline. Driver (“Hebrew Notes on Prophets and Proverbs,” 174) suggests the reading meyussār, “allows himself to be disciplined.” The point of this antithetical saying is teachability. The “scorner” (lēṣ; “mocker,” NIV; GK 4370) is the highest level of a fool. He has no respect for authority, reviles religion, and because he thinks that he knows what is best, is not teachable (Whybray, 77). The use of geʿārâ (“rebuke”) shows that the mocker does not respond to any level of discipline.
13:1 / Antithetic. Literally, verse la exhibits juxtaposition: “a wise son—a father’s discipline” (see the Additional Notes). In any case, the emphasis is on docility and openness to learning.
13:1 Both in physical and spiritual development, there is a normal process of development. A baby, for instance, must crawl before he walks or talks. In the spiritual realm, a convert must listen and learn before he launches forth in service. A wise son submits to the discipline of instruction. The scoffer won’t have it; he thinks he has all the answers, and refuses to be corrected.
13:1 Introduction. V 1 is a similar opening to those of previous sections, implicitly urging the hearers to attend to the wisdom of this chapter (cf. 10:1). It does not go on, however, in the style of the earlier introductions. As we move through the chapters, righteousness and wickedness decrease in prominence and in this chapter God’s involvement quite disappears, though it becomes increasingly prominent in the chapters that follow. The focus here is thus on wisdom itself (see vs 13–20).
13:1 A wise son listens to instruction (10:1, 17) and is better off than the scoffer—the worst kind of fool (Ps. 1:1). Some fools are naive and inexperienced, but open to suggestions; sometimes even those established in folly may rethink their position. But scoffers laugh at righteousness. Such people are impervious to rebuke.
13:1. Verses 1–3 each refer to talking. A wise son (cf. 10:1) is receptive to parental instruction (cf. comments on 12:1). The word heeds, though not in the Hebrew, is implied. The opposite of a wise, teachable son is a mocker (cf. 14:6; 15:12; 17:5; 19:29; 21:11; 22:10; 24:9; 30:17) who refuses to listen to and profit from a rebuke (see comments on 1:23).
 MacDonald, W. (1995). Believer’s Bible Commentary: Old and New Testaments. (A. Farstad, Ed.) (p. 821). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
 Goldingay, J. E. (1994). Proverbs. In D. A. Carson, R. T. France, J. A. Motyer, & G. J. Wenham (Eds.), New Bible commentary: 21st century edition (4th ed., p. 596). Leicester, England; Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press.