“If you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and so lie against the truth.”
A wise person lives for God and others, not for self.
Having characterized spiritual wisdom in the preceding verse, James begins to analyze worldly wisdom in verse 14. Worldly wisdom is not of God. It has no relationship to Him, is not obedient to Him, and has no knowledge of His truth.
What is the motive of someone who lives according to worldly wisdom? “Bitter jealousy and selfish ambition.” The Greek word translated “bitter” also means “harsh” and is used of bitter, undrinkable water. “Bitter jealousy” carries the idea of a harsh, bitter self–centeredness that produces a resentful attitude toward others. People with bitter jealousy live in a world that focuses on themselves. They react in a jealous manner toward anyone who threatens their territory, accomplishments, or reputation. They resent anyone who threatens to crowd their slice of this world. They consider people who differ from them as implacable enemies. And they are bitterly jealous of anyone who is successful.
The Greek term translated “selfish ambition” refers to a personal ambition that creates rivalry, antagonism, or a party spirit. That’s another way of pointing to self. The person who follows human wisdom begins with a “bitter jealousy” that creates an attitude of competition and conflict. Then “selfish ambition” generates a party spirit and bitterness toward others. James is saying that ungodly wisdom is self–centered, and its goal is personal gratification at any cost.
What about you? Are you motivated by jealousy and selfish ambition? Be honest in your evaluation. Take a serious inventory of your heart and ask yourself, Am I serving others instead of fulfilling my own desires at the expense of others?
Suggestions for Prayer: Ask God to convict you when you put yourself before Him and others. ✧ Repent of any present situations in which you are doing that very thing.
For Further Study: Read the following verses: Genesis 37:4; 1 Samuel 18:8; Luke 15:25–30; 22:24. What was the sin in each example? ✧ Read and study 1 Corinthians 13:4–7 to learn how the qualities of love are opposite to human wisdom.