34:4 the land of which I swore. See 1:7–8. Deuteronomy begins and ends with the theme of the land promised by God. I have let you see it with your eyes, but you shall not go over there. See 1:37 and note on 1:37–38.
34:4 What Moses saw was the land God had promised Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob hundreds of years earlier as part of the covenant blessing (Gn 12:1; 13:14–17; 15:18–21). Though Moses could see the land with his own eyes, he was forbidden access to it because of his sin of dishonoring the Lord in the eyes of the people of Israel (32:51). See, however, Mt 17:3.