Daily Archives: November 22, 2019

November 22 Spiritual Blindness

Scripture Reading: 2 Corinthians 4:1–6

Key Verse: 2 Corinthians 4:4

… whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine on them.

A key piece of equipment used in horse racing is a set of blinders attached to the bridle on either side of the horse’s eyes. Blinders prevent the horse from becoming distracted—allowing him to focus on the path before him. Focus is admirable, unless your focus is on a path that leads to destruction. The world is filled with people who are guided by good intentions, but blinded by deception.

What causes blindness of the spirit? The Bible tells us that Satan has blinded the minds of the unbelieving (2 Corinthians 4:4). By deceiving unbelievers, Satan creates pockets of doubt and skepticism within racial, social, and political groups. Untruths delivered by false teachers then spread like wildfire. Soon, what started as doubt becomes total rejection of all that is of God.

How can you protect yourself from Satan’s schemes? Ground yourself in the Word of God by studying the truth of the Scriptures. Then separate yourself from any organization that is misinterpreting what you know to be true.

When Jesus returns, Satan’s lies will be exposed before all. Until then, guard your heart and your mind with the truth. When you seek God, He will grant you wisdom to separate the truth from lies.

Father, guard my heart and mind with the truth. Give me the wisdom to separate truth from lies.[1]


[1] Stanley, C. F. (2006). Pathways to his presence (p. 341). Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers.

The Heidelberg Catechism Confesses Salvation By Grace Alone, Through Faith Alone — The Heidelblog

It has become fashionable among some who identify as confessionally Reformed and among so-called Reformedish (i.e., Baptists who identify with aspects of Reformed theology) types to claim that the Reformed doctrine of salvation hold that there two stages to salvation: initial and final. Further, they claim, Reformed doctrine is that our so-called initial salvation is by grace alone (sola gratia), through faith alone (sola fide) but that our alleged final salvation is through works. Salvation as used in this context includes our justification (the declaration of righteousness), sanctification (personal holiness), and glorification (complete conformity to the image of Christ). No one has been more vocal in making this claim than the Baptist theologian John Piper but he has allies within the P&R world echoing his claim but this claim has been refuted at length. See the resources linked below.

There Is A Mainstream Of Reformed Theology

One of the tactics used by the P&R advocates of this view is to emphasize the diversity of views held by Reformed theologians in the 16th and 17th centuries (hereafter the classical period of Reformed theology). Typically, we see them making appeals to theologians who were historically important but whose views were controversial in their own time (e.g., Amyrault, Davenant) and whose views were not adopted by the Reformed Churches. As a matter of history it is true that there were outliers and marginal figures but it is also true that those outliers do not define Reformed theology, piety, and practice. The Word of God as confessed by the churches in official ecclesiastical summaries define Reformed theology.

Catechisms Are Not Mere Systems

One of the mistakes made by those who kibitz in Reformed theology (i.e., the Reformedish and by the P&R advocates of final salvation by works is that they confuse confessions and catechisms for mini-systematic theologies. These are two distinct kinds of documents. A system or a treatise published by an individual is just that. It does not define Reformed theology. An ecclesiastical confession or catechism has a different status. It is a churchly document. It has secondary but genuine authority. No one can be prosecuted in the assemblies of a confessional Reformed church for dissenting from Hodge’s Systematic Theology but one can be convicted for contradicting the Word of God as confessed in the Heidelberg Catechism, the Belgic Confession, or the Canons of Dort.

The confessions of the church are not mere private opinions. They are ecclesiastical dogma. Contra Rome, that are corrigible, however. They are always subject to the Word of God. Indeed, in the classical period Protestants not only revised confessions, they wrote new ones regularly. One of the oddities of the Modern period has been the reluctance to do in our time what our forebears did in theirs: confess the faith anew in response to new challenges. I argued this case in Recovering the Reformed Confession. More recently Modern Reformation magazine invited me to re-state the case.

The Heidelberg Catechism

One of the foundational ecclesiastical documents in the Reformed tradition is the Heidelberg Catechism. It was published in 1563 by order of Frederick III, Elector Palatinate, in order to help consolidate what had been a turbulent religious situation in the Palatinate. Authored primarily by Zacharias Ursinus, who also lectured on it, the catechism synthesized much of theology, piety, and practice of the Reformation (and especially the Reformed reformation) that preceded it.

In the Heidelberger, the Reformed Church of the Palatinate confessed unambiguously the doctrine of salvation (as defined) by grace alone, through faith alone. They did so (as we do today), against those (Rome and the Anabaptists) who taught and confessed salvation by grace and cooperation with grace, a two-stage doctrine of salvation, or final salvation through works. The Reformed Churches saw that doctrine as a flat contradiction of the Word of God.

The catechism speaks explicitly to the doctrine of salvation right at the outset of the catechism. Our comfort is not only that we are justified by grace alone, through faith alone on the basis of the imputed righteousness of Christ alone but also that we are saved by grace alone, through faith alone:

Q. 1. What is your only comfort in life and death?

A. That I with body and soul, both in life and death, am not my own, but belong unto my faithful Saviour Jesus Christ; who, with his precious blood, has fully satisfied for all my sins, and delivered me from all the power of the devil; and so preserves me that without the will of my heavenly Father, not a hair can fall from my head; yea, that all things must work together for my salvation, and therefore, by his Holy Spirit, He also assures me of eternal life, and makes me sincerely willing and ready, henceforth, to live unto him.

Were it true that ther are two stages of salvation and that final salvation is through works, as some claim, the basis of our assurance is destroyed. How many works? Of what quality are necessary to qualify one to be finally saved? The proponents of final salvation through works bristle at this question. They say, “God works them in us.” Their response shows that they do not understand the Reformation. There were plenty of medieval theologians who taught that same thing and the Protestants rejected it too. Further, their response does not answer the question. It also ignore the reality of means and instruments. If our good works are the instrument of our final salvation and if I am not a stock and block (a calumny that the Reformed denied in just those terms), then my part in obedience is necessarily a part of the instrument of my salvation.

The Reformed Churches salvation is utterly the gift of God received through faith alone.

Q. 21. What is true faith?

A. True faith is not only a certain knowledge, whereby I hold for truth all that God has revealed to us in his word, but also an assured confidence, which the Holy Spirit works by the gospel in my heart; that not only to others, but to me also, forgiveness of sin, everlasting righteousness and salvation, are freely given by God, merely of grace, only for the sake of Christ’s merits.

The advocates of final salvation through works necessarily corrupt the definition of faith by turning it into faithfulness. The Reformed Churches, however, do not do this. In our definition of faith, in salvation, true faith is knowing, assenting, and trusting (contra the followers of Gordon Clark et al, who omit trust from the definition of faith) not that God will produce in us, with our cooperation, sufficient good works of sufficient quality for final salvation but knowledge, assent, and trust that Christ has already accomplished our salvation and the Holy Spirit has freely given it to us with the gift of faith by which we receive it. In salvation, as in justification, faith is an empty hand. Good works are a consequence of true faith but they are not true faith. Good works are a necessary fruit and evidence of salvation but they are not the instrument of salvation. Faith is the only instrument of salvation.

Who Has A Bad Christology?

Some of the proponents of final salvation through good works complain that their opponents have a deficient Christology. I submit that to make good works the instrument of any stage of salvation (as if there were two stages) is the actual signal of a deficient Christology since it makes Christ but half a Savior. We say:

Q. 29. Why is the Son of God called “Jesus”, that is a Saviour?

A. Because he save us, and delivers us from our sins; and likewise, because we ought not to seek, neither can find salvation in any other.

We are not the Savior. Christ is the Savior. If our good works are instrumental in salvation, then we necessarily become saviors. The Reformed Churches explicitly reject this doctrine:

Q. 30. Do such then believe in Jesus the only Saviour, who seek their salvation and welfare of saints, of themselves, or anywhere else?

A. They do not; for though they boast of him in words, yet in deeds they deny Jesus the only deliverer and Saviour; for one of these two things must be true, that either Jesus is not a complete Saviour; or that they, who by a true faith receive this Saviour, must find all things in him necessary to their salvation.

After all, we are not facing the doctrine of final salvation through works for the first time. This was the Roman doctrine. The defined (and continue to define) faith, in the doctrine of salvation, as “formed by love.” That means that our good works are constitutive of faith. Our good works are essential to faith, they make faith what it is. Rome explicitly rejects the Protestant doctrine that good works are the necessary fruit and evidence of salvation and only that. The proponents of final salvation through works agree with Rome on this point.

Q. 31. Why is he called “Christ,” that is anointed?

A. Because he is ordained of God the Father, and anointed with the Holy Spirit, to be our chief Prophet and Teacher, who has fully revealed to us the secret counsel and will of God concerning our redemption; and to be our only High Priest, who by the one sacrifice of his body, has redeemed us, and makes continual intercession with the Father for us; and also to be our eternal King, who governs us by his word and Spirit, and who defends and preserves us in that salvation, he has purchased for us.

Jesus is the anointed one. He is the Savior. We are the saved. There is a great difference between us and that is great comfort to those with true faith, who are resting in, leaning on, and trusting Jesus as Savior and Lord. He has announced God’s Word. He has accomplished redemption. By his Spirit he applies salvation. As King he preserves us to eternal life. We are prophets, priests, and kings, because we are in Christ, by his grace, united to him by the Spirit not because we contribute to our final salvation nor because our works are supposedly the instrument of final salvation.

God Uses Means To Administer Salvation Graciously

The Lord uses his people to administer salvation.

Q. 55. What do you understand by “the communion of saints”?

A. First, that all and every one, who believes, being members of Christ, are in common, partakers of him, and of all his riches and gifts; secondly, that every one must know it to be his duty, readily and cheerfully to employ his gifts, for the advantage and salvation of other members.

God saves us into a communion of the saints. In that communion, in the visible church, he uses us to administer salvation to others. Our good works are not instruments of salvation but that does not mean that God the Spirit is not working through his visible church to confer salvation upon all of his elect. He is.

Salvation Is A Gracious Inheritance

The proponents of final salvation through works make our good works instrumental in obtaining eternal life. The Reformed Churches, however, confess that eternal life is a gracious inheritance earned for us by Jesus and freely given to needy sinners.

Q. 58. What comfort do you take from the article of “life everlasting”?

A. That since I now feel in my heart the beginning of eternal joy, after this life, I shall inherit perfect salvation, which “eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither has it entered into the heart of man” to conceive, and that to praise God therein for ever.

We already experience some of the benefits of salvation. There is only one salvation. We have it now. We will experience it fully in eternal life. There is not a final test we must pass. It is not as if we get to court by grace but pass some final test through works. Salvation is a gift not a paycheck.

The Sacraments Show Us That Salvation Is A Gift

The Federal Visionists and others make the serious mistake of turning the sacraments into the things signified but we should not let that mistake drive us to make other mistakes in response.

The sacraments are objective words from God about what is true of all those who believe. One of those words is this: salvation is a free gift received through faith:

Q. 67. Are both word and sacraments, then, ordained and appointed for this end, that they may direct our faith to the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross, as the only ground of our [salvation]?

A. Yes, indeed: for the Holy Spirit teaches us in the gospel, and assures us by the sacraments, that the whole of our salvation depends upon that one sacrifice of Christ which he offered for us on the cross.

Our salvation does not depend upon our faithfulness. It depended upon Jesus’ faithfulness for us. It depends on the preserving grace of God and the sacraments testify that God is gracious and faithful and will not lose any of his elect.

Salvation Produces A Response

The proponents of final salvation through works do not understand that the structure of the Christian faith is threefold: guilt, grace, and gratitude. Indeed, some of them positively reject this notion as inadequate. Such a view would be understandable for Romanists and others but it is hard to understand why those who consider themselves Reformed would be dissatisfied.

As above, we should not react to the momism of final salvation through works by turning to antinomianism (lawlessness). The Reformed Churches do not advocate lawlessness. Rather, we confess that salvation graciously given and freely received through faith alone produces genuine, heartfelt obedience to God’s holy law. Thus, under the 1st commandment we confess about salvation:

Q. 94. What does God enjoin in the first commandment?

A. That I, as sincerely as I desire the salvation of my own soul, avoid and flee from all idolatry, sorcery, soothsaying, superstition, invocation of saints, or any other creatures; and learn rightly to know the only true God; trust in him alone, with humility and patience submit to him; expect all good things from him only; love, fear, and glorify him with my whole heart; so that I renounce and forsake all creatures, rather than commit even the least thing contrary to his will.

Those who would be saved from the wrath to come must flee idolatry and they do but they are not saved because they flee nor are they saved through through fleeing. It is the case that believers flee idolatry. That fleeing is fruit and evidence of the salvation that we have been freely given through faith alone.

Praise God for his mercy and grace for saving us needy sinners by his favor earned for us by Jesus and given through the gift of faith, which itself is the gift of God.


  1. Resources On The Controversy Over “Final Salvation Through Works”
  2. Was There a Mainstream of Reformed Orthodoxy?

via The Heidelberg Catechism Confesses Salvation By Grace Alone, Through Faith Alone — The Heidelblog

November 22 Discerning False Voices

Scripture Reading: 1 John 2:18–27

Key Verse: 1 John 2:26

These things I have written to you concerning those who try to deceive you.

The story is told of a young boy who believed that he would one day inherit a beautiful piece of land. His father told him about it continually and promised one day to take him to his future land. When that day came, he realized he had been the victim of a cruel family joke—the promised land was a boggy swamp in the middle of nowhere.

That little boy was none other than P. T. Barnum, the famous circus man of the late 1800s. In bitterness of heart, he coined the statement about suckers, saying, “There’s a sucker born every minute.”

Some people are out to deceive, and they seek the gullible, weak, and uninformed and prey on them for their own selfish purposes. John the apostle warned the believers in the early church to look out. The church is not immune to infiltration by opportunists and liars.

How can you discern these false voices? John explained, “You have an anointing from the Holy One, and you all know. I have not written to you because you do not know the truth, but because you do know it, and because no lie is of the truth … As for you, let that abide in you which you heard from the beginning” (1 John 2:20–21, 24 nasb).

You have the direction of the Holy Spirit and God’s unchanging Word. Nothing God says will ever contradict His Word. When you rely on this truth as the test of accuracy, you will not be swept away by error.

Almighty God, thank You for the anointing of the Holy Spirit that enables me to know the truth. Deafen my ears to the deceptions of the world around me. Let me abide continually in Your Word of truth.[1]


[1] Stanley, C. F. (1999). On holy ground (p. 341). Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers.

How Does the Holy Spirit Work Distinctly in the Old and New Testament? — Ligonier Ministries Blog

Prior to Pentecost, not every regenerate person was specially anointed by the Holy Spirit. From one of our Ask R.C. events, R.C. Sproul discusses how the universal outpouring of the Spirit’s power distinguishes the New Testament from the Old.

Just ask Ligonier to get clear and trustworthy answers to your biblical and theological questions. Visit Ask.Ligonier.org.

via How Does the Holy Spirit Work Distinctly in the Old and New Testament? — Ligonier Ministries Blog

November 22 God in Your Boat

Scripture reading: Romans 5:1–5

Key verse: Isaiah 51:12

I, even I, am He who comforts you.

Who are you that you should be afraid

Of a man who will die,

And of the son of a man who will be made like grass?

There is no escaping it. Trouble comes at some point to everyone, but there also is a victory in suffering that cannot be overlooked. Joni Eareckson Tada explains, “I believe those who suffer the greatest on earth have the greatest confidence of sharing in His highest glory. This is a wonderful inspiration to those who are hurting. Amy Carmichael wrote something I will never forget: ‘We will have all of eternity to celebrate the victories, but only a few hours before sunset in which to win them.’ ”

Some of our greatest triumphs come as a result of being willing to weather the storms of life. When we commit ourselves to trusting Jesus regardless of the outcome, God’s power is released in mighty ways. The disciples did not forget what it was like to face the gale-force winds of the Sea of Galilee. Neither did they forget the power of the hush that came as a result of Christ’s command to the wind and the sea.

The faith they gained in troubled times could not be imitated or duplicated. It became a part of their personal testimony to a great and wondrous God. Jesus saves those who place their trust in Him.

Are you facing something much greater than your ability to handle? Turn your fear and sorrow over to Jesus. Allow Him to take your hurt and disappointment. When He is in your boat, there is no need to worry.

Father, I turn every fear and sorrow over to You today. Take my hurt and disappointment. I know there is no need to worry because You are in my boat![1]


[1] Stanley, C. F. (2000). Into His presence (p. 341). Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers.