Daily Archives: August 10, 2020



Rev Thomas Littleton                                                                                               8/8/2020

John MacAthur has recently emerged as champion for churches rights to reopen after the Covid-19 fears had shut down churches across the nation. With appearances on Fox News programs Tucker Carlson and Shannon Bream, MacArthur has grabbed headlines and the praise of men for his “bravery” and “standing up” for America’s houses of worship. BUT the idea of counseling rebellion against the government orders not to reopen seems less than “authentic” and down right hypocritical coming from a pastor whose church apparently applied for millions of Covid -19 Cares Act PPP from the Small Business Administration.

In late July MacArthur denies that Grace Community Church “received ” the government funding but indicates the SBA funding had “been sent ” but “was returned” . There is an application process for the Covid Relief PPP funds. The SBA is not simply identifying entities to “send it” to. MacArthur seems confused on many levels about how the PPP process works,how GCC was “sent PPP funding”, and even about the deficit spending of future tax dollars in the Covid bail out funding. We now look deeper into the facts.

Other long term problems exist for the reported $7.3 billion in tax dollars (and counting) that have gone into churches and religious organizations. A second round of borrowed tax dollars may be on the way soon. Some of the issues and serious concerns related to compliance and non discrimination policies and laws of the SBA and all government agencies are discussed here :



In the past John MacArthur has raised concerns among Biblical conservatives for his preaching of total submission to government powers as “ordained by God” . Now his efforts to be the prophetic voice defending the rights of churches being considered “essential ” and allowed to reopen is clouded by his past ultra submissiveness teachings and now by his own obligations to the government as a Small Business Administration applicant.

In an April interview with GTY associate Phil Johnson,MacArthur called for submission to the government  in the presentation of “Think Biblically About  to Covid -19 Pandemic”


“JOHN: Well, first of all, the clear demand of Scripture is  to be subject to the powers that be because they’re ordained of God.”

“PHIL: Romans 13.”

“JOHN: Romans 13. And 1 Peter talks about the same thing: “Honor the king and those who are in authority over you.” God has set them in that authority. The apostle Paul tells Timothy that we’re to be good citizens. We’re to live a quiet and peaceable life. We aren’t rebels; we don’t start protests; we don’t defy the government. We conform. We’re submissive to the government as basically ordained by God. So that was an easy call for us.”

“What would have made a difference would have been if this was persecution of the church, if all of a sudden the government decided to shut down churches as an act of persecution against churches we would defy that because now you’re into Acts 5 where Peter actually says, “Do we obey God or men?” You say we don’t meet, God says we must meet. You say don’t preach the gospel, we say we must preach the gospel. So when the government gets to the point where it basically persecutes the church, the church has to take that persecution and still do what God has commanded the church to do.”

“The other thing that we talked about with the elders was if we defy this and if we say we’re going to meet anyway, we run the risk of exposing people to this illness needlessly. And why would we want to do that? Because this is a health issue, this is a health crisis. And since like any church, many of the people in our church are older. We wouldn’t want to expose them to that. We’ve only had, as far as I know, and this was up to yesterday, we’ve only had one couple in our church in the Spanish ministry who actually got the coronavirus. But that couple, and not an older couple either, wound up in the hospital because it was such a virulent experience for them.”



Instead of explaining the gap between his previous position and his current defiance, MacArthur has taken to the airways in secular media. It is assumed from his previous position and interview that he now sees the government as “persecuting ” his church yet the church was approved for millions in SBA Covid PPP funds.

Even if MacArthur’s Grace Community Church returned the Cares Act PPP funds the application processing make the church, in effect, a government contractor being the approved for federal  government agency funds .This status comes with all kinds of strings and compliance issues attached especially related to employment non discrimination like the LGBTQ civil rights protections already in federal agencies policies since the Obama era and reinforced by the recent SCOTUS  employment non-discrimination ruling. GCC would be obligated for years to the SBA, not only to employment numbers,but  also to hiring particular sexual minorities along these new mandated discrimination boundaries.

Alex Newman  explains more in his article here:



MacArthur revealed his church WAS “SENT” the PPP funds. How did this happen? He denied receiving it but who applied for it?

If MacArthur and GCC returned the PPP money for some concerns realized after the fact- why would he not then sound and alarm and warn other churches to refuse or return it?

Instead MacArthur chooses to grandstand by defying state closure orders and playing his GCC  confused PPP facts close to the vest.


Fox News Interview :

“California Gov. Gavin Newsom is overstepping his executive privileges with “draconian” restrictions by shutting down churches and telling believers they cannot worship during the coronavirus pandemic, a prominent pastor told “Fox News @ Night” Monday.”

“Pastor John MacArther says he has been warned he could face fines or arrest for defying Newsom’s July orders by hosting indoor services at Grace Community Church in Los Angeles County, which he says is not warranted by the reality of COVID-19.”


MacArthur has draw criticism through the years for his peculiar form of Pietism and non political engagement. Recent flip flops represented in particular by his CURRENT defiance of California law have been discussed at length on Christian radio and television media of WVW.


“John MacArthur has spent over 20 years writing books, articles and delivering sermons that included hurling insults at conservative American patriots for what he denounced as their Christian activism. In fact, MacArthur has declared in his book, Why Government Can’t Save You, that America’s Founding Fathers sinned and violated New Testament principles when they founded America. MacArthur has written that no matter how cruel or unjust Christians must submit to governing authorities because they are ordained of God and thus to disobey them is to disobey God. MacArthur uses a twisted interpretation of Romans 13 and 2 Peter to come to this conclusion. In July of 2020, without any apology to Christian patriots to whom he hurled insults and names, and without any public retraction of his years of written and spoken propaganda and disinformation, MacArthur now practices the very thing he once condemned. Dr. Andy Woods is a seminary president, pastor and trained attorney. He joins Brannon to discuss the troubling contradictions in MacArthur’s public ministry is marked by years of bad theology and flip flops that should have any thinking Christian questioning the discernment of John MacArthur.”




Search Every Company Approved for Federal Loans Over $150k
Home ›
Loan Amount
$1-2 million
Sun Valley, CA
Business Type
Jobs Retained
MUFG Union Bank, National Association
Grace Community Church of the Valley -Duns and Bradstreet listing :

Grace Community Church Of The Valley

Grace Book Shack
13248 Roscoe Blvd
Sun ValleyCA91352-3798  United States
Company Type: Corporation Parent

Grace Community ChurchJohn MacArthur, Pastor-Teacher


Grace Community Church
13248 Roscoe Blvd.
Sun Valley, CA 91352


MacArthur video to GCC  members on July 31st 2020 .

In the video at minute 3 MacArthur says  that the government sent us (GCC) money but we sent it back”. Yet the funding must be APPLIED FOR  and the SBA is not simply”sending it out”. According to MacArthur in the late July video neither GCC nor GTY have received the government funding yet the  bank through which the funding came and the date the application was approved are included in the report of the PPP funding.

Here is the full transcript of the confusing account by MacArthur and the PPP funds sent to GCC.

““I’ve been hearing around that Grace received money from the federal government in this recent display of government generosity which sent money to a lot of businesses and a lot of places. The truth of the matter is that they did send us money. We did not receive that money, we sent it back. So we have received no money at all from the government, and you need to know that because people are talking about that and it’s not accurate.””

What happened is, I think the government put a lot of folks on their list that money was going to go to and never bothered to change the list, but we did not receive a dime from the federal government, and neither did Grace to You, for that matter.”





Loan Amount
$1-2 million
MUFG Union Bank, National Association
Date Approved
June 17, 2020






According one of  the same websites  which tracked the PPP funding that went to MacArthurs GCC , many reformed seminaries like Reformed Theological Seminary,          (Jackson MS) Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary , Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, and John Pipers Bethlehem Seminary have taken millions of dollars each in Cares Act PPP funds.



It is not yet known if John MacArthur’s The Master’s University  and Seminary (TMUS) have received PPP funds. Or if any other GCC led entities have taken the PPP dollars.

TMUS does have an extensive Covid -19 response plan in place as students are scheduled to return in late August at the same time GCC is defying state orders.







23: 1  Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to His disciples, saying: “The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat. Therefore whatever they tell you to observe, that observe and do, but do not do according to their works; for they say, and do not do. For they bind heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers. But all their works they do to be seen by men. They make their phylacteries broad and enlarge the borders of their garments. They love the best places at feasts, the best seats in the synagogues, greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called by men, ‘Rabbi, Rabbi.’ But you, do not be called ‘Rabbi’; for One is your Teacher, the Christ, and you are all brethren. Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven. 10 And do not be called teachers; for One is your Teacher, the Christ. 11 But he who is greatest among you shall be your servant. 12 And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.”


August 10 God Forgives


1 John 1:9

If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

What happens when we fail? What happens when we do not take God up on His promise? Reading this verse in view of the faithfulness of God puts it in a whole new light. We may feel our sin is too bad to be forgiven. But this scripture says that when we confess, God forgives. If you refuse to believe that, it’s an affront to the faithfulness of God who cannot and will not and shall not lie. God says if we confess it, He will cleanse it. And He risks His faithfulness on that promise.

When asked, “What does the faithfulness of God make you think of first?” many people reply that it makes them think of their own unfaithfulness. The way they fail Him. But Scripture goes on record as saying, even when we fail, God does not. “If we are faithless, He remains faithful; He cannot deny Himself” (2 Timothy 2:13).

You can say you don’t deserve the faithfulness of God. None of us does. That isn’t the issue. The issue is, even when we are faithless, He is faithful.[1]


[1] Jeremiah, D. (2002). Sanctuary: finding moments of refuge in the presence of God (p. 233). Nashville, TN: Integrity Publishers.

President Trump Delivers Remarks Departing New Jersey – Video and Transcript… — The Last Refuge

Yesterday evening President Trump delivered remarks to the press pool as he departed New Jersey for the return trip to the White House. [Video and Transcript Below]


[Transcript] –

via President Trump Delivers Remarks Departing New Jersey – Video and Transcript… — The Last Refuge

President Trump Holds a Press Conference – 5:30pm Livestream — The Last Refuge

Today at 5:30pm President Trump will be holding a press briefing from the White House.

White House Livestream – Fox News Livestream LinkAlternate Livestream LInk



via President Trump Holds a Press Conference – 5:30pm Livestream — The Last Refuge

BREAKING: President Trump Asked About Susan Rice and Obamagate – Says Obama and Others Probably Guilty of Treason (VIDEO) — The Gateway Pundit

Following a scare at the White House where the Secret Service had to evacuate the briefing room as President Donald Trump spoke to reporters, the president asserted that the Barack Obama administration may be guilty of treason.

When asked by the One America News White House correspondent Chanel Rion about the possibility of Susan Rice being chosen as a running mate by former Vice President Joe Biden, President Trump did not hold back.

Discussing surveillance crimes committed by the former administration by Obama’s, President Trump said that “the Obama campaign spied on our campaign and they’ve been caught.”

“Now lets see what happens to them,” the president continued. “They have been caught. They have been caught red-handed. It’s probably treason. It’s a horrible thing they did.”

Trump added that “they used the intelligence agencies of our country to spy on my campaign and they have been caught.”

“There are a lot of people involved. I don’t want to say how much she’s involved, frankly if he chooses her that’s fine, but it’s a potential liability.”

Trump listed people who were involved, including President Obama, Joe Biden, James Comey, John Brennan, James Clapper, Peter Strzok and Lisa Page.

The president concluded that this was the “political crime of the century.”

The question was asked in the final minutes of the briefing which can be viewed here:

It’s pretty sad that the mainstream media has NO INTEREST in this crime of the century!
Here’s the video–

via BREAKING: President Trump Asked About Susan Rice and Obamagate – Says Obama and Others Probably Guilty of Treason (VIDEO) — The Gateway Pundit

President Trump Asked about Russia Meddling in Election – Says He’s More Worried About Democrat Interference (Video) — The Gateway Pundit

Following a scare at the White House where the Secret Service had to evacuate the briefing room as President Donald Trump spoke to reporters, the Republican president went back to the press room to answer questions.

President Trump was asked if he was worried about Russia meddling in the 2020 election.
The left is still obsessed with Russia and does not have the slightest interest in Obama’s historic meddling in the 2016 election.

Trump responded by slamming Democrats.

President Trump answered, “I’ll tell you who’s meddling in our elections. The Democrats are meddling for wanting and insisting on sending mail-in ballots where there’s corruption all over the place. If you check what happened in New York, a relatively small race with Carolyn Maloney. And they called her the winner the other day because I was mentioning it at conferences and getting a lot of action on that statement. So they declared her the winner. And they have no idea who won. And the person, her opponent, is very angry. But they had mail-in voting. And they had hundreds and I think even thousands of ballots that are missing, that were fraudulent. Take a look at the Carolyn Maloney race. Take a look at Patterson, New Jersey. Take a look at the one here in Virginia where they mailed out 500,000 applications and they’re going to people who aren’t supposed to be getting an application.

via President Trump Asked about Russia Meddling in Election – Says He’s More Worried About Democrat Interference (Video) — The Gateway Pundit

President Trump Names Coup Plotters During Press Conference… — The Last Refuge

This is interesting…. During the final question of his press conference President Trump forcefully outlined the names of key former administration officials who participated in the effort to remove him.

via President Trump Names Coup Plotters During Press Conference… — The Last Refuge

Has America Entered A New Era Of Permanent Civil Unrest? — End Of The American Dream

In 2020, it seems like each new day brings more headlines about chaos on the streets of America, and on Monday that included violence right outside the gates of the White House.  It is being reported that there was “an active shooter near the White House”, and we are being told that the Secret Service shot a “male suspect” and that the “male suspect” had been transported to the hospital.  I am sure that we will learn more about this incident in the days ahead, and we should be thankful that the Secret Service was able to easily handle this situation.  But there are reports that a group of protesters plans to “lay siege” to the White House in the weeks leading up to the election, and so officials will undoubtedly have their hands full as we draw closer to November.

Meanwhile, we just witnessed five hours of rioting, looting and violence in Chicago.  Some rioters exchanged gunfire with police, and ultimately a decision was made to raise bridges going into the city in order to contain the violence

Chicago officials raised bridges and suspended some train and bus service Monday morning after unrest and looting caused widespread damage in the city’s downtown overnight.

Videos that were circulating on social media captured the early morning scenes of hundreds of people in the streets, dozens of police officers, looting and confrontations with the police. There was also an exchange of gunfire with the police in the downtown, according to a police spokesman, Tom Ahren. He said on Twitter early Monday that there were “shots fired at police who returned fire,” and that no officers were injured.”

In the past, a night of chaos like that would have been the top headline in the country for days, but now it is “just another riot” which will soon fade from memory.

These days, it takes quite a bit to shock us, and what happened at a “Back the Blue” rally in Fort Collins, Colorado on Saturday did shock many of us.  A group of leftists decided to confront the protesters that were supporting the police, and that confrontation ultimately degenerated into a full-out brawl

Video shot during the event captured the moment tensions between the two groups boiled over as a group of men who apparently attended the rally approached a group of counter-protests dressed in black.

As the two groups approached a ditch, a fight broke out among the groups with people scuffling on the ground, punching each other, and spewing obscenities.

A lot of people celebrated that brawl, but the truth is that it should make us all very sad.

Americans shouldn’t be fighting Americans.

Is this what the future holds for our nation?  A house divided against itself will surely fall, and right now the U.S. is very, very deeply divided.

Every single night there is more violence, and the entire world is watching.  In Portland, rioting has been a nightly occurrence for two and a half months straight, and President Trump wants the National Guard to be called out

Portland, which is out of control, should finally, after almost 3 months, bring in the National Guard. The Mayor and Governor are putting people’s lives at risk. They will be held responsible. The Guard is ready to act immediately. The Courthouse is secured by Homeland!

Ultimately it will be up to the governor of Oregon whether the National Guard is deployed or not, and it appears to be doubtful that it will happen any time soon.

Further north, law and order desperately needs to be restored in Seattle as well, because rioters continue to turn the downtown area into a war zone

Riots broke out in Seattle on Sunday evening ahead of an expected city council vote to defund the police, according to videos on social media.

Video by @BGOnTheScene showed Antifa protesters attacking an Amazon store. Journalist Andy Ngo, who tweeted the video, said the protesters had been using sledgehammers and have been rioting for hours, smashing businesses in and around Capitol Hill.

I didn’t think that we would still be seeing this much violence here in August, and now that we are getting close to the election there is a strong possibility that a new wave of chaos could erupt in cities all over America at any time.

Of course if President Trump wins in November of if the outcome is very closely contested, that will only add fuel to the fire.

For years I had been warning that anger and frustration were building to exceedingly dangerous levels in this country, and now we are reaping what the mainstream media and many of our political leaders have sown.

Sadly, what we have experienced so far is just the tip of the iceberg, because much worse civil unrest is still on the horizon.

So it makes sense why so many people are wanting to move away from the big cities at this point.

The other day I wrote an article about the hundreds of thousands of wealthy New Yorkers that have already fled NYC, and now we are being told that moving companies “remain inundated with requests from people leaving New York City”

Even as the number of confirmed coronavirus cases has leveled off in recent weeks, moving companies say they remain inundated with requests from people leaving New York City.

Big Apple-based moving company Oz Moving, for example, told FOX Business that the volume of moves continues to rise at a “substantial rate” – in addition to a “drastic” spike in storage compared with years prior.

On the west coast, Joe Rogan says that there is “a mass exodus” out of the state of California, and he recently decided to flee the state himself.

Of course all of this movement is rapidly driving up property values in desirable rural communities all over the nation, and this is going to make it more difficult for those with more limited financial resources to relocate.

If you are among those that are considering fleeing the major cities, I would encourage you to make your decision quickly.  Things are only going to get crazier in the months ahead, and the longer you wait the more difficult relocating will become.

via Has America Entered A New Era Of Permanent Civil Unrest? — End Of The American Dream

August 10th The D. L. Moody Year Book


Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of My burying hath she kept this.—John 12:7.

I CAN imagine that Mary thought that if she waited until Jesus was dead she might not have a chance to anoint His body, and so she came before His death to anoint Him.

There is a lesson there. How very kind and thoughtful we are to a family that has lost some member, and what kind words are said after the person is dead and gone! Would it not be better to say a few of those good things before they go? Wouldn’t it be well to give some of your bouquets before a man dies, and not go and load down his coffin?[1]


[1] Moody, D. L. (1900). The D. L. Moody Year Book: A Living Daily Message from the Words of D. L. Moody. (E. M. Fitt, Ed.) (pp. 136–137). East Northfield, MA: The Bookstore.

August 10, 2020 Evening Verse Of The Day

Affirm Your Doctrine

Retain the standard of sound words which you have heard from me, in the faith and love which are in Christ Jesus. Guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which has been entrusted to you. (1:13–14)

A seventh guard against being ashamed of Christ is affirming and holding onto right doctrine. Although our ultimate confidence is in Christ Himself, His truth is also of great importance. It is, in fact, absolutely required for faithful living as well as for certainty of our security. If we belong to Christ, we will be secure, but if we neglect His truth, our confidence in that security will wane. Many Christians, perhaps most, do not have the courage of their convictions simply because they have no clear convictions. Before you put your life on the line for what you believe, you must believe it.

During a radio interview some years ago, I said, “What is particularly tragic about the many scandals that plague evangelicalism today is the fact that so many churches, and so many individuals who call themselves Christian, have little concern for biblical truth and biblical standards of living. In the name of love, understanding, and peace within the church and with society, almost any theology is accepted, or at least not challenged, no matter how much it may contradict Scripture.”

Much of the professing church is atheological, that is, without any significant theological convictions. Like the world around them, many people who go by the name of Christ believe that to hold and teach absolute doctrines is to be unloving, antagonistic, and even “unchristian.” They fit Paul’s description of those in the last days who “will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires; and will turn away their ears from the truth, and will turn aside to myths” (2 Tim. 4:3–4). When you examine those today who deride doctrine, you discover they are also like those in the last days who Paul says “will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, revilers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy, unloving, irreconcilable, malicious gossips, without self-control, brutal, haters of good, treacherous, reckless, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God; holding to a form of godliness, although they have denied its power.… [They are] always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth” (2 Tim. 3:2–5, 7). Sound doctrine leads to holy living, and the absence of it to unholy living.

Standard translates hupotupōsis, which was used of a writer’s outline or an artist’s rough sketch, which set the guidelines and standards for the finished work. The Christian’s standard is God’s Word, which encompasses the sound words which you have heard from me [Paul], an apostle of Jesus Christ. In Scripture we have God’s own truth and standards, all we need or should want to have. It is the only divinely inspired, divinely revealed, absolute, unique, perfect, and sufficient truth. In it is found everything necessary for salvation and for living out the saved life. Later in this letter Paul commends Timothy, saying, “From childhood you have known the sacred writings which are able to give you the wisdom that leads to salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work” (2 Tim. 3:15–17).

Courage in Christian ministry, as well as in Christian living in general, is not possible apart from strong biblical convictions. But Paul gives necessary balance to his counsel. Strong convictions are to be held and taught in the faith and love which are in Christ Jesus. When we defend God’s Word in a self-righteous, unloving spirit, the resulting controversy and opposition are not caused wholly by the offense of the truth itself but also by the offensive and unspiritual way in which we proclaim it. We are to defend God’s Word in the faith, that is, with the right attitude of confidence toward God; and we are to defend it in love, with the right attitude of kindness and compassion toward unbelievers and toward poorly taught and immature believers. “Speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in all aspects into Him, who is the head, even Christ” (Eph. 4:15). Although we must not have a doubting or a dead orthodoxy, neither should we have a loveless, cold, and insensitive orthodoxy.

The Holy Spirit’s indwelling all believers is a cardinal New Testament doctrine. Shortly before His crucifixion, Jesus promised the disciples, “I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever; that is the Spirit of truth” (John 14:16–17). Immediately before His ascension He promised again, “You shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth” (Acts 1:8). “You are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you,” Paul declared in his Roman letter. “But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him” (Rom. 8:9). He rhetorically asked Corinthian believers, “Do you not know that you are a temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?” (1 Cor. 3:16; cf. 6:19).

Therefore, just as God has power to guard what we have entrusted to Him (v. 12), He also gives us power to guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure which He has entrusted to us. Theologians would say this depicts both sides of our security, the keeping power of God and the Spirit-energized perseverance of the saints. At the close of the previous letter, Paul gave a similar command: “O Timothy, guard what has been entrusted to you,” specifically warning him to avoid “worldly and empty chatter and the opposing arguments of what is falsely called ‘knowledge’ ” (1 Tim. 6:20).

The deposit of our lives with God is secure. The question is, How secure is His deposit of truth with us? Christian colleges, seminaries, pastors, and other church leaders who deviate from Scripture, defecting to “a different gospel” and wanting “to distort the gospel of Christ” (Gal. 1:6–7), will face a dreadful day of reckoning before God. The most solemn responsibility that any believer has, especially those the Lord has called to be preachers and teachers, is to uphold and defend the integrity of His Word.[1]

14 Timothy is to “guard” (phylassō, GK 5875; cf. 1 Ti 5:21; 6:20; 2 Ti 4:15) this deposit from loss or damage with the help of the indwelling (enoikeō, GK 1940; God: 2 Co 6:16; Christ: Col 3:16; Spirit: Ro 8:11; faith: 2 Ti 1:5) Holy Spirit (cf. Tit 3:15), just as God will guard the deposit of Paul’s life for the day of judgment (v. 12). Human effort is urged, therefore, in reliance on divine enablement. Once again, this charge implies the need to defend the apostolic gospel against heretical threats. Paul’s exhortation, which began in v. 6, has come full circle.[2]

13–14 This model of Paul’s faithfulness and confidence in God provides the final step in the sequence, which began in v. 6, leading to the call to Timothy to continue the Pauline mission. To rehearse the sequence, Paul began with his convictions about Timothy’s sincere faith in which they share an intimate relationship. This and their share in the Spirit of power led to the exhortation to boldness in witness and co-suffering for the gospel. This gospel, which binds the two together, was then articulated, and Paul’s calling and confidence in God’s vindication are linked to it. But at v. 12 it becomes clear that Paul is not simply calling Timothy to a renewal of previous duties; he is rather preparing Timothy to be his successor in the mission. This call now culminates in two verbs of command that outline Timothy’s task in terms of faithfulness to the Pauline gospel and Christian behavior, and dependence upon the Holy Spirit for the ministry he is to inherit. The two verses, which are more or less parallel, combine most of the aspects of the exhortation that began at v. 6.

The first command takes up the matter of the message (v. 13a). Just as the apostle’s gospel has bound Timothy and Paul together to this point (vv. 9–10), it is to provide the organic link in the ongoing mission. This is the clear intent of the command “what you have heard from me, keep as the pattern of sound teaching.” This statement weaves together three crucial strands. First, Paul describes his gospel (“from me”) with language that underscores both its spiritual health-giving effects and its distance from false gospels (see on 1 Tim 1:10; 6:3). Second, he presumes that Timothy has accepted and embraced it. His commission involves “keeping or maintaining” what he has embraced from the start (see on 1 Tim 1:19)

Third, the Greek word translated “pattern” describes a model, form, or standard (NRSV) that serves as a reliable guide. In 1 Tim 1:16 (see discussion) the term depicted Paul’s conversion as an “example” of God’s mercy. Although the context is different, that meaning applies in this occurrence as well. The message Timothy is to adhere to in his preaching is the one Paul himself proclaimed. The continuity between Paul’s ministry and Timothy’s (and those who will follow; cf. 2:1–2 which uses the same language) is underscored in the phrase “which you heard from me.” It is precisely this apostolic continuity that ensures the purity of the message on into the next generation. The liturgical poem of vv. 9–10 illustrates the contents, as do the rest of the theological pieces in these letters to Timothy.

Raising a minor point of interpretation will reinforce further the sense of the unity of the mission begun by Paul and to be continued by Timothy. A comparison of the TNIV (“What you heard from me, keep as the pattern of sound teaching”) and the NRSV (“Hold to the standard of sound teaching that you have heard from me”) shows how the word “standard” may be taken differently in relation to the verb of command. Although there may seem to be little difference, the grammar, which favors the NRSV rendering (see also GNB), accentuates the command’s stress on adherence to an established tradition—Paul does not have in mind his message as a general pattern, but, in this context of false teaching, the main point is the specific standard of accuracy his words represent. As indicated, the shadow cast by the false teaching lies behind the description of Paul’s message as “sound words” (cf. 4:3). Consequently, maintaining the Pauline form and nature of the gospel has become Timothy’s obligation.

But this task is not one to be carried out in a detached, academic manner. The command next takes up the matter of the messenger. The following prepositional phrase, “with faith and love in Christ Jesus” (v. 13b), outlines the manner in which Timothy is to fulfill his mission. “Faith and love” serve as an abbreviation for the authentic life of faith, combining into a unity the dimensions of one’s relationship to God and the lifestyle of service produced by that faith-relationship (see on 1 Tim 1:4, 14). In short, for Timothy to “keep” the apostolic message and proclaim it he must at the same time pay careful attention to his own faith in Christ.

Parallel to the first command is the second, v. 14, which reformulates the call in terms of succession. Timothy is to “guard the good deposit.” Virtually the same command is given in 1 Tim 6:20 (see discussion). In this case, the repetition of the term parathēkē (“deposit”), which in v. 12 described the gospel (and ministry) that Paul entrusted to God, reveals the continuity between the ministry Timothy is taking up and the one Paul is relinquishing. There is no substantive difference between “sound teaching [words]” (v. 13) and “good deposit”; the latter term (as we saw in the case of Paul) simply views the gospel from the perspective of a trust to be kept and, in the context of the commissioning sequence, emphasizes the transmission of Paul’s operation to the coworker. The addition of the adjective “good” is undoubtedly occasioned by the desire to preserve a balance with the description of the gospel in v. 13. Just as “sound” contrasts Paul’s teaching with the opposing message, “good” signifies God’s endorsement of what has been entrusted to Timothy.

The final phrase of v. 14 closes the entire calling sequence by spelling out the means by which “guarding” is to be done—the agency of the Holy Spirit. He is said here to “live in us.” There are several things to notice. First, this is the continuation of the theme, initiated in vv. 6–7, of the gift of the Spirit and the enablement he provides believers. Second, reference to the Spirit at this point forms an inclusio that brackets the passage and underlines one of the major themes. Third, this statement parallels what was said about God’s ability to “guard the deposit,” though in this case the power of God is described as that which believers experience through the Holy Spirit’s “indwelling.” Thus an important principle, which surfaced first in v. 7, then in v. 12, reappears here: it is God himself who ensures the success of his mission.

But what this theme also indicates is that God will achieve that success in and through the cooperation of human agents. This cooperation is possible because of God’s presence with his people, which, in thoroughly Pauline thought and language, is described as the Holy Spirit indwelling us (see on 1:5; cf. 1 Cor 3:16). Moreover, this description of the experience of God’s presence in the Spirit applies to all believers, as does the teaching about the Holy Spirit above. There is no reason to limit the reference in “in us” exclusively to Paul and Timothy or to “ministers.”98 The application of the general truth is certainly to a specific situation, even an unusual situation—that of the handing over of the Pauline mission mandate to the successor. But the power for the work (and the lifestyle) is accessible to all believers, and the ministry we are all to be involved in is the same one initiated by Paul and continued by Timothy (cf. 2:1–2).[3]

1:13–14 / In these final two verses Paul returns to the direct appeal to Timothy, but now with some slightly different nuances. The entreaty from verses 6–12 has been very personal and directly related to Paul’s present circumstances and his and Timothy’s personal relationship. But Paul has not forgotten the ongoing threat of the false teachers and the havoc they have been generating. The language of the two parallel imperatives of these verses indicates that they must be understood in this light (as v. 15 also seems to suggest).

The first imperative repeats the concern throughout the pe that Timothy keep as the pattern of sound teaching (see disc. on 1 Tim. 1:10). As always, the sound teaching is that which you heard from me (cf. 2:2, where the same wording appears; cf. also 3:10; 1 Tim. 4:6). Such a concern elsewhere always is expressed against the backdrop of the false teachers.

Although Paul’s intent in this sentence is clear enough, the actual wording is not (lit., “hold an example of sound words”). Probably this means that what Paul taught is to serve as a model for Timothy’s teaching (as most interpreters; but see the neb and Moffatt for alternatives).

The final prepositional phrase, faith and love in Christ Jesus, is likewise not altogether clear. It seems certain that Timothy’s faith (not the faith) and love are products of his being in Christ Jesus (see disc. on 1 Tim. 1:14; cf. Gal. 5:22). But how this phrase relates to the verb presents a more difficult problem. The sense seems to go something like this: “Let what you have learned from me serve as your model for sound teaching, but let it do so as you yourself also model faith [or faithfulness] and love.”

The final imperative, guard the good deposit that was entrusted to you, parallels verse 13, but now in the language of 1 Timothy 6:20 (which see). “Timothy,” Paul urges, “keep safe what I have deposited with you; it is a sacred trust.” Since what was entrusted is described as good, it almost certainly refers to the “sound teaching” of the gospel. He must not allow it to be purloined or eroded by the false teachings. But for such a charge, Timothy is not to think of himself as on his own. He is to fulfill his responsibilities with the help of the Holy Spirit (see v. 7) who lives in us.

Thus the appeal has come full circle. It began by urging that Timothy fan into flame his gift of ministry, which was his through the power of the Spirit (vv. 6–7). Then Paul urged loyalty to the gospel and to himself, even though now a prisoner. After detailing the gospel and Paul’s own loyalty to it, with emphasis on God’s sovereignty, he returns to urge once more loyalty to his (Timothy’s) own ministry and to the gospel; and again he is to do so with the help of the Spirit. From here Paul will turn to some examples of disloyalty and of one who was especially loyal (to Paul in his imprisonment).[4]

1:14. Guard the good deposit that has been entrusted to you, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in you.

Paul gives a final command to Timothy as he brings this section to a close. The language of the ‘deposit that has been entrusted to’ him is the same as that in verse 12 (‘… what I have entrusted to him’). As God guards Paul’s deposit, so Timothy too is to ‘guard’ something. Paul has already given Timothy almost the exact same command in 1 Timothy 6:20 (see comments on that passage). Here, however, he adds that what has been entrusted to Timothy is ‘good’. What has been entrusted to Timothy is almost certainly the ‘sound words’ of the gospel referred to in verse 13, perhaps as standing for the sum total of Timothy’s ministry. The gospel, and Timothy’s ministry in the gospel, is ‘good’ in the sense of being excellent, noble, praiseworthy. The gospel is pure and right and holy. Wicked men can distort it. The church’s task is to guard it, preserving its beauty and integrity.

No one can do this in his own strength, so Paul concludes this verse by emphasizing that Timothy is to carry out his work ‘through the Holy Spirit who dwells in you’. In verse 13, he pointed to Timothy’s union with Christ. Now he emphasizes the presence of the indwelling Spirit. It is only through the Spirit, and by reliance on his power, that servants of Christ can faithfully carry out their task.[5]

14. Keep the excellent thing committed to thee. This exhortation is more extensive than the preceding. He exhorts Timothy to consider what God has given to him, and to bestow care and application in proportion to the high value of that which has been committed; for, when the thing is of little value, we are not wont to call any one to so strict an account.

By “that which hath been committed,” I understand him to mean both the honour of the ministry and all the gifts with which Timothy was endued. Some limit it to the ministry alone; but I think that it denotes chiefly the qualifications for the ministry, that is, all the gifts of the Spirit, in which he excelled. The word “committed” is employed also for another reason, to remind Timothy that he must, one day, render an account; for we ought to administer faithfully what God has committed to us.

Τὸ καλόν denotes that which is of high or singular value; and, therefore, Erasmus has happily translated it (egregium) “excellent,” for the sake of denoting its rare worth. I have followed that version. But what is the method of keeping it? It is this. We must beware lest we lose by our indolence what God has bestowed upon us, or lest it be taken away, because we have been ungrateful or have abused it; for there are many who reject the grace of God, and many who, after having received it, deprive themselves of it altogether. Yet because the difficulty of keeping it is beyond our strength, he therefore adds,—

By the Holy Spirit. As if he had said, “I do ask from thee more than thou canst, for what thou hast not from thyself the Spirit of God will supply to thee.” Hence it follows, that we must not judge of the strength of men from the commandments of God; because, as he commands by words, so he likewise engraves his words on our hearts, and, by communicating strength, causes that his command shall not be in vain.

Who dwelleth in us. By this he means, that the assistance of the Holy Spirit is present to believers, provided that they do not reject it when it is offered to them.[6]

14. This verse is an amplification of the last with special emphasis on guarding the good deposit. We have noted above that the same word is used as in verse 12 but whereas in the former case the deposit is kept safe in God’s hands, here Timothy himself must guarantee its security. Although the human element is more stressed, it is immediately recognized that Timothy unaided could never achieve it. It can come only with the help of the Holy Spirit (dia pneumatos hagiou). The Spirit is the one who lives in us (for the idea of indwelling, see note on verse 5). Paul states in Romans 8:9–11 that the Spirit dwells in every Christian, but a special endowment is given to those set apart for specific tasks, closely akin to the primitive charismata (spiritual gifts) mentioned in 1 Corinthians.

There is no support in these verses for the Roman Catholic doctrine of the ministry as the custodian of the church’s traditions (cf. Spicq), for the words in us need not mean, as is widely supposed, that Paul and Timothy are alone intended. The indwelling Spirit performs the same function in every Christian, although the degree of operation varies with the work done. This is very different from the view that a hint of a later doctrine of the Spirit is there to be found (cf. Scott). Even many who deny Pauline authorship recognize here a genuine Pauline concept (cf. Hanson). It is better to assume the words to mean that since the deposit must be faithfully guarded, any man without the aid of the Holy Spirit is attempting the impossible. But although the Spirit of God dwells in Christians generally, he may certainly be depended on to give gifts of power to ministers set apart from the work of the gospel.[7]

Ver. 14. That good thing which was committed unto thee.

The sacred trust:

  1. The charge,—the truth, the Word of God, which—1. Unfolds the true God. 2. Proclaims life and salvation through the Redeemer. 3. Brings life and immortality to light.
  2. The duty. We should have—1. A correct knowledge of the Word. 2. A devoted attachment to it. 3. A desire to preserve it in its integrity. 4. A willingness to communicate it freely to others. 5. An abiding sense of its responsibility.

III. The assistance. 1. Our necessities are connected with the Holy Spirit’s ability. 2. Rejoice in His readiness to help. (A. Reed, D.D.)

Good things:—Here are those reprehended who never had any care to possess these worthy things. Nothing in man, or out of him, that is of greater worth, and nothing less regarded. We do count that person blessed that hath his house hung with rich arras, his chests full of gold, and his barns stuffed with corn; and yet we never have esteem of these excellent and rare things. Truly, the least degree of faith is more worth than all the gold of Ophir; a remnant of true love than all the gay garments in the world. Hope of heaven will more rejoice the heart of David than his sceptre and kingdom. But men do not think so, neither will they have it so; yet the day of death, like an equal balance, shall declare it to be so. Are they worthy things? Then put them to the best uses, and abuse them not. And, in the last place, seeing these be worthy things, let us all labour to possess them; for of how much more value a thing is, by so much the more we should strive to obtain it. (J. Barlow, D.D.)

Grace once gotten is to be preserved:—Because, if grace grow weak, the pattern will not be practised. When all the parts of the natural body be in a consumption, can we walk and work in the duties of our particular callings? And if the new man wax pale, and pine away, the paths of God’s commands will not be run or trodden. For, as all natural actions proceed from the body’s strength, and the purest spirit, so do all spiritual from the vigour of grace and the new man. When men have got some competency of wealth, they lie long in bed, and will not up to work, and so their riches waste. In like manner it falleth out with God’s children; for when they have attained to some competency of gifts, they are highly conceited, grow idle, neglect the means, and so are over taken with spiritual poverty, than the which what greater loss? We must then learn here, not only to get grace, but to keep it. We will mourn if we lose our money, grieve if we be deprived of our corn, natural strength and earthly commodities. And shall the loss of grace never pinch us, pierce us? Shall Jonah be so dejected for his gourd, and we never be moved when grace is withered, ready to perish? Shall the earthworm sigh at the loss of goods, and we never shrink at the shipwreck of heavenly gifts? No greater damage than this, none less regarded, more insensible. Let our plants begin to pine, our hair wax grey or fall, it will make some impression. But grace may decay, the spirit faint, and few be wounded in heart. Yet to such a time shall come of great mourning. Then get grace, keep grace; so shall corruption be expelled, extenuated, and the pattern of sound words observed, practised. (Ibid.)

The Holy Spirit dwells in man:—But He is infinite, therefore in all persons. True, yet He is in the faithful in a peculiar and special manner, both by His working and presence. Secondly, He is incomprehensible, notwithstanding, as we may say the sun is in the house, though a part of the beams be but there; so the Spirit is said to be in man, although He be not wholly included in him. We account it a fearful thing to pull down or batter a prince’s palace, it is death to wash or clip the king’s coin, and shall we not tremble to wrong and injure this building, for such cannot escape the damnation of hell. This is for the comfort of the faithful. For what greater honour than this, to have the high God to dwell in our hearts? Should our sovereign but come into a poor man’s cottage, he would rejoice, and good reason, for that all his life long. And shall the King of Glory dwell with the sons of men, make His chamber of presence in their hearts, and they want hearts to solace themselves in the remembrance of that? And here let man learn a lesson and wonder. Is it the spirit of God in Paul and others, where the spirit of all uncleanness not long before ruled? Admire His humility that would descend so low as to dwell in so mean a habitation. He that dwells in that light that none can attain unto, now dwelleth where was a palpable darkness. Thirdly, where He takes up His lodging there is holiness. This fire purifieth the heart, cleanseth the inward man, though never so full of filthiness in former time (1 Cor. 6:11; Ephes. 5:18). Thou wilt say, Sir, by what way may I come to this thing? Why, thou must get a new heart, for He will never lodge in the old, for that’s naught. (Ibid.)

The indwelling of the Holy Spirit:

  1. The author of life. 1. Before He dwells in us He quickens us (Eph. 2:1; John 3:5, 6; 6:63). 2. Believers are temples of the Holy Ghost (1 Cor. 3:16; 6:19; 2 Cor. 6:16). 3. True of all believers (Rom. 8:9). 4. Christ’s promise respecting it (John 14:16, 17).
  2. The source of unity. 1. His indwelling makes that unity a fact (Eph. 4:4; 1 Cor. 6:17; 12:13–20). 2. That fact to be recognised and cherished (Eph. 4:3). 3. One building inhabited by one Spirit (Eph. 2:22.)

III. The pledge of glory. 1. The salvation bestowed and the salvation yet to be revealed. Grace and glory (2 Tim. 1:9; 1 Pet. 1:5; Psa. 84:2). 2. The indwelling Spirit the earnest of our inheritance (2 Cor. 1:22; 5:5; Eph. 1:14). 3. Recognise His presence. 4. Honour and obey Him (Eph. 4:30). (E. H. Hopkins.)

Real Christianity:—The providence of God requires all Christians and all Churches to show what Christianity really is. Christianity is a larger and better thing than Christendom yet knows. Still the Holy Spirit dwells in the apostolic succession of the whole true Church of Christ, showing it what the things of Christ are, and helping it realise them in Christianity. How, then, are we to understand what the Christianity is, which we are still called to make real on earth?

  1. The Christianity which the world needs probably transcends any single definition of it which we shall be likely to give. Philosophers have tried many times to define the simple word “life,” and at best they have had only clumsy success with their definitions of what every one knows by his own healthy pulse-beatings. The definition is not made easier when we prefix the adjective Christian to the word “life.” If we labour to define in words so large and divine a reality as Christianity, we shall be sure to narrow it in our verbal enclosures, and we can hardly fail to leave whole realms of Christianity out when we have finished our fences of system and denomination.
  2. Christianity is a larger thing than any one particular aspect or exemplification of it which men may be tempted to put in the place of it. Christianity, as a whole, is greater than the parts of it which men have hastily seized upon, and contended for as the faith of the saints. Christianity is that good thing which all the Churches hold in common, and it is greater than all. The Christianity of Christ is that good thing committed unto us, which is large enough to comprehend all the ideals of Christian prophets, and prayers of devout hearts, as well as the works of faith which have been done on earth. It would be easy to illustrate from current life and literature the natural tendency of the human heart to substitute some favourite part of Christianity for the divine whole of it. And the unfortunate contentions and hindrances to the gospel which follow from this mistake are all around us. Thus one class of persons are called to benevolent works by the Divine charity of Christ, but in their zeal for man they may not realise sufficiently that the charity of God is the benevolence of universal law, and the Christ is the Life because He is also the Truth. Others, on the contrary, impressed by the order and grandeur of the truths of revelation, repeatedly fall into merely doctrinal definitions of Christianity; and, even while defending from supposed error the faith once delivered to the saints, they narrow that faith into a theological conception of Christianity which may have indeed much of the truth, but little of the Spirit of Christ.

III. Christianity is that good thing which we have received from Christ. In other words, Christianity is not a spirit merely, or idea, or influence, which we still call by the name of Christ, but which we may receive and even enhance without further reference to the historic Christ. Christianity is more than a spirit of the times, more than a memory of a life for men, more than a distillation in modern literature of the Sermon on the Mount, more than a fragrance of the purest of lives pervading history and grateful still to our refined moral sense. Jesus once said before the chief among the people, “I receive not honour from men”; and the patronage of culture cannot make for our wants and sins a Christ from the Father. Christianity is the direct continuation of the life and the work of Jesus of Nazareth in the world. Hence, it would be a vain expectation to imagine that the world can long retain the influence of Christ, the healing aroma of Christianity, and let the Jesus of the Gospels fade into a myth. Christianity, uprooted from its source in Divine facts of redemption, would be but as a cut flower, still pervading for a while our life with its charity, but another day even its perfume would have vanished. The Christianity of Christ is a living love.

  1. Christianity is a changed relationship of human souls to God through Christ. Go back to the beginning of Christianity to find out what it is. It began to exist on earth first upon the afternoon of a certain day when the last of the Hebrew prophets, looking upon Jesus as He walked, said, “Behold the Lamb of God.” And two of his disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. These men are now like new men in another world; in Christ’s presence all Divine things seem possible to them; they are changed from the centre and core of their being; they are verily born again, for they live henceforth lives as different from their former lives before they came to Christ as though they had actually died out of this world, and come back to it again with the memory in their hearts of a better world. After a few years in Jesus’ companionship, after all that they had witnessed of His death and resurrection, they are themselves as men belonging to another world, citizens of a better country, sojourning for a brief season here. “Old things are passed away,” says the last-born of the apostles; “Behold, all things are become new.” This, then, is Christianity—Peter, and John, and other men, living with Christ in a new relationship to God. It is a happy, hopeful, all-transfiguring relationship of human souls to God. Christ giving His Spirit to the disciples, disciples witnessing of the Christ—this, this is Christianity. What, then, is Christianity? It is, we say, the doctrine of Christ. What is the doctrine of Christ? Men sound in the faith; men made whole, men living according to Christ. The doctrine of Christ is not a word, or a system of words. It is not a book, or a collection of writings. He wrote His doctrine in the book of human life. He made men His Scriptures. His doctrine was the teaching of the living Spirit. The doctrine of Christ—lo! Peter, the tempestuous man, strong one moment and weak another, become now a man of steady hope, confessor, and martyr—he is the doctrine of Christ! The son of thunder become the apostle of love—he is the doctrine of Christ! The persecutor becomes one who dies daily for the salvation of the Gentiles—he is the doctrine of Christ!
  2. Christianity is the company of disciples in new relationship with one another, and towards all men, through Christ. The new redeemed society is Christianity. A man cannot be a Christian, at least not a whole Christian, by himself alone. To seek to live a Christian life by one’s self, in the secrecy of one’s own heart, is an endeavour foreign to the original genius of Christianity. Christianity, when it is finished, will be the best society gathered from all the ages, the perfect society of the kingdom of heaven. How can a man expect to fit himself for that blessed society by neglecting here and now to enter into the fellowship of believers who seek to prepare themselves for that final society of the Lord by meeting and breaking bread together at His table? To be a Christian, therefore, is to be actually a follower of Christ with His disciples. And to make real and not merely nominal work of it we shall need often with deliberate resolution to give ourselves up to our own faiths, to throw ourselves manfully upon their current, and to let them catch us up and bear us whither they will. (N. Smyth, D.D.)

A sufficient endowment:—“The influence of Mr. Moody is wonderful,” said a lady to her minister; “he is not intellectual, nor eloquent, nor learned, and his appearance is not prepossessing.” “Ah!” replied the minister, “but he has the Spirit of God in him.” “Yes,” she responded, “and that is all.” “All!” exclaimed the minister; “is not that everything?”

An essential provision of Christianity:—Is not this power of God, through the Holy Ghost, an essential provision of Christianity? Could the Word of God be “a living Word” without it? We can no more conceive of Christianity as destitute of this Divine influence than as destitute of Christ. We look upon the face of nature and perceive that all its external forms are based upon one common principle of life; and were this withdrawn all things must die. So in like manner, looking upon external Christianity—its doctrines, its Sabbaths, its worship, its points of holiness, joy, and moral excellence, produced in perfect uniformity in all ages and amongst all classes—we perceive that there must exist beneath the surface some uniform power; and what can this be but the power of God through His Holy Spirit? And this belongs to the system, is inherent, permanent, certain. By the impulses of this power the “Word of God” effects its glorious triumphs; and, when it is withdrawn, Christianity sinks into the condition of an empty form. (J. Dixon, D.D.)[8]

Guard Sound Words (1:13–14)

Paul now returns his attention to Timothy: Keep holding onto a model of sound words which you heard from me in faith and love, the one in Christ Jesus. Guard the good deposit through the Holy Spirit, the one dwelling among us (1:13–14). The deposit is the sound or healthy words that Timothy heard from Paul himself (1:13). Paul exhorts Timothy to keep holding the model or pattern or standard of words that he received from Paul. Paul himself was a model or example of one aspect of the gospel message: Christ’s mercy toward sinners. These words or teachings promoted spiritual health (sound). In contrast, some people only want teaching that promotes disease (1 Tim 1:10; 2 Tim 4:3). True words themselves are health-inducing, but the listener must also receive the words in a receptive manner, in faith and love. Faith and love, already mentioned in this letter as exemplary virtues, are two key ingredients in healthy teaching. Those who are not receptive to health-inducing words may be attempting to alleviate their spiritual illnesses by superficial or harmful ways (2 Tim 4:3). Ultimately, however, the faith and love that enabled Timothy to hear Paul’s message came from Christ Jesus, who is exemplary of faithfulness and love.

The words Paul passed on to Timothy are not only “healthy,” they are also good and a deposit, entrusted for safekeeping (1:14). Even as Jesus guards Paul’s deposit, simultaneously Timothy needs to guard his deposit.60 Timothy received Paul’s sound teaching in (en) Christ Jesus’ faith and love (1:13). En basically signifies “within.” It is as if Timothy lived within the surrounding presence of Jesus. Simultaneously, Timothy is to guard his deposit through (dia) the Holy Spirit (1:14). The Holy Spirit as “the agent is conceived as coming in between the non-attainment and the attainment of the object in view.” Timothy is ultimately responsible to guard his deposit, but he needs to do so by means of the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit can empower him to do the guarding.63 But how near is the Holy Spirit? The Holy Spirit is very near, because the Holy Spirit is the one dwelling among us (1:14).[9]

1:14 “Guard through the Holy Spirit” This is an AORIST ACTIVE IMPERATIVE. Note that believers must guard, but the Holy Spirit is the means and power by which it is done! See note at 1:12.

© “who dwells in us” This is a PRESENT ACTIVE PARTICIPLE. There is a fluidity between the work of the Spirit and the Son. G. Campbell Morgan said that the best name for the Spirit is “the other Jesus.” The following is an outline comparison of the work and titles of the Son and Spirit:

  1. Spirit called “Spirit of Jesus” or similar expression (cf. Rom. 8:9; 1 Cor. 15:45; 2 Cor. 3:17; Gal. 4:6; 1 Pet. 1:11).
  2. Both called by the same terms
  3. “Truth”

(1)  Jesus (John 14:6)

(2)  Spirit (John 14:17; 16:13)

  1. “Advocate”

(1)  Jesus (1 John 2:1)

(2)  Spirit (John 14:16; 16:7)

  1. Both indwell believers
  2. Jesus (Matt. 28:20; John 14:20, 23; 15:4–5; Rom. 8:10; 2 Cor. 13:5; Gal. 2:20; Eph. 3:17; Col. 1:27)
  3. Spirit (John 14:16–17; Rom. 8:9, 11; 1 Cor. 3:16; 6:19; 2 Tim. 1:14)
  4. Father (John 14:23; 2 Cor. 6:16)




“the treasure which has been entrusted to you




“that good thing which was committed to you”




“the good treasure entrusted to you”




“the good things that have been entrusted to you”




“that precious thing given in trust”


This refers to something entrusted to another for safe keeping. This is possibly a word play on the term pistis, which is translated into English as belief, trust, or faith. Believers have entrusted their faith to God (cf. 1:12). God in turn has entrusted to them the gospel message (cf. 1 Tim. 6:20). Believers are stewards of the gospel message. We will one day give an account to Him (cf. 2 Cor. 5:10) on how we have handled this deposit of truth!


15 You are aware of the fact that all who are in Asia turned away from me, among whom are Phygelus and Hermogenes. 16 The Lord grant mercy to the house of Onesiphorus for he often refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chains; 17 but when he was in Rome, he eagerly searched for me, and found me—18 the Lord grant to him to find mercy from the Lord on that day—and you know very well what services he rendered at Ephesus.[10]


14. Parallel with the thought just expressed is that contained in verse 14: That precious (or: excellent) thing which was entrusted to you guard through the Holy Spirit who dwells within us.

The “precious deposit” is, of course, the gospel, taken in its widest sense (see on 1 Tim. 6:20). It consists of “the sound words” which Timothy has heard from Paul (see the preceding verse). It is precious or excellent because it belongs to God and results in his glory through the salvation of those who accept it by sovereign grace (see verses 8–10 above). Again (as in 1 Tim. 6:20) Timothy is urged once for all to guard this deposit. He must defend it against every attack and never allow it to be changed or modified in the slightest degree.

But since the enemy is strong and Timothy is weak, Paul very wisely adds the thought that this guarding cannot be done except “through the Holy Spirit who dwells within us,” that is, within Paul, Timothy, all believers (Rom. 8:11).

Timothy, then, should hold on to the pure gospel, the sound doctrine, as Paul has always done.[11]

Paul’s Charge to Timothy (1:13–14)

Supporting Idea: Having laid the groundwork of God’s purpose and faithfulness, Paul handed to Timothy a solemn charge of ministry.

1:13–14. A sense of urgency filters through Paul’s words as he focused on Timothy and pleaded, what you heard from me, keep as the pattern of sound teaching. Once again, Paul pressed home a familiar theme. The true gospel is founded upon the prophets, the words of Jesus, and apostolic teaching. Acutely aware of the damage inflicted by false teachers, Paul returned to the need for orthodoxy as revealed through Christ to Paul. It is this pure doctrine which is the pattern of sound teaching.

The word translated “sound” comes from the Greek hugies, used in the Gospels to describe the healing of the sick by Jesus. Paul used the word to distinguish apostolic doctrine from false doctrine. Truth produces health; it results in right thinking and godly behavior.

Paul did not prescribe intellectualism, the building of theological structures for their own sake. Truth is meant for life, and it is to be dispensed with faith and love in Christ Jesus. What we proclaim must be matched by our lives. If we are to guide people to Christ, we must hold a sincere trust in our Lord. Equally, our lives must be distinguished by love, divine in strength and giving. Both faith and love should be centered in Jesus.

Paul’s words reverberate with his awareness that death was drawing closer. He was anxious that Timothy comprehend the importance and urgency of following through with his instructions. He told him to guard the apostolic revelation: the good deposit that was entrusted to you.

Each generation is so charged, for the gospel must be presevered in purity. We must protect it from destructive teachings. It is a serious responsibility, for we handle the very words of God. But we must also admit our inability to fulfill so noble a task. This is why Timothy and all Christians must guard Christ’s gospel with the help of the Holy Spirit who lives in us. Paul again reminded us of this wonderful gift of God, this person of his Spirit who enables us to perform what God calls us to do.

This is a great picture of the Christian life and responsibility. God grants to us his gifts of grace and his Spirit of life—gifts freely given as we trust Jesus Christ as Savior. Our responsibility is to respond with obedient trust, not to gain salvation, but to express love, and to fulfill the calling of God upon our lives (Eph. 4:1).

Paul describes this interaction of giftedness and responsibility in Philippians. There he says to “work out your salvation” (Phil. 2:12) with a sense of respect and fear, not to gain salvation, but to flesh it out, to work out in our life the implications of being saved. Then the promise is given, “it is God who works in you to will and to act according to his good purpose” (Phil. 2:13).

Thus, we have personal responsibility before God but the promise of strength and provision by his Spirit as well. We are not alone.[12]

[1] MacArthur, J. F., Jr. (1995). 2 Timothy (pp. 29–31). Chicago: Moody Press.

[2] Köstenberger, A. (2006). 2 Timothy. In T. Longman III & D. E. Garland (Eds.), The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: Ephesians–Philemon (Revised Edition) (Vol. 12, p. 571). Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.

[3] Towner, P. H. (2006). The Letters to Timothy and Titus (pp. 476–480). Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.

[4] Fee, G. D. (2011). 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus (pp. 232–233). Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.

[5] Barcley, W. B. (2005). A Study Commentary on 1 and 2 Timothy (p. 233). Darlington, England; Webster, NY: Evangelical Press.

[6] Calvin, J., & Pringle, W. (2010). Commentaries on the Epistles to Timothy, Titus, and Philemon (pp. 203–204). Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.

[7] Guthrie, D. (1990). Pastoral Epistles: An Introduction and Commentary (Vol. 14, pp. 150–151). Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

[8] Exell, J. S. (n.d.). The Biblical Illustrator: Second Timothy–Titus, Philemon (Vol. 1, pp. 105–108). New York; Chicago; Toronto; London; Edinburgh: Fleming H. Revell Company.

[9] Spencer, A. B. (2014). 2 Timothy and Titus: A New Covenant Commentary. (M. F. Bird & C. Keener, Eds.) (pp. 89–90). Eugene, OR: Cascade Books.

[10] Utley, R. J. (2000). Paul’s Fourth Missionary Journey: I Timothy, Titus, II Timothy (Vol. Volume 9, pp. 143–144). Marshall, Texas: Bible Lessons International.

[11] Hendriksen, W., & Kistemaker, S. J. (1953–2001). Exposition of the Pastoral Epistles (Vol. 4, p. 237). Grand Rapids: Baker Book House.

[12] Larson, K. (2000). I & II Thessalonians, I & II Timothy, Titus, Philemon (Vol. 9, pp. 270–271). Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers.

Apologetics News — The Watchman’s Bagpipes

I still have my daily readings to keep up with what’s happening in the realm of apologetics and there have been some articles I decided really needed to be shared with my readers.
Elizabeth Prata, over at The End Time blog, has written a two-part examination of false teacher Beth Moore. The first part asks if Beth Moore has only “drifted” only recently (no) while the second one examines Moore’s “spiritual biography.”
To go along with Elizabeth’s articles I discovered there is a new book examining Moore’s teachings. Written by G. Seth Dunn, the book is titled, “So Long Beth Moore, You’ve Been a Bad Friend to Us.
So, the latest news about Moore again proves she is not qualified to teach; she claims white supremacy is rampant in much of the church.
Changing subject, Bethel Church casts out the demon of racism! Of course they use occult means to do so.
I’ve never heard of Bob Goff, let alone his book, Everybody Always. Clinton Adams wrote an excellent review.
Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry has an excellent article exposing the false teachings about “transubstantiation.”
Answers In Genesis explains why 2 Samuel 12 does not support polygamy.
Finally, the apostate ELCA denomination is changing its name; it must be true because I read it on the Internet.

via Apologetics News — The Watchman’s Bagpipes

August—10 The Poor Man’s Evening Portion


Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?—Hebrews 1:14.

My soul! art thou an heir of salvation? Think then of thy high privilege. “If,” saith an apostle, “we are children, then heirs, yea, heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ.” (Rom. 8:17.) Though in this life in a state of childhood, and under age, yet by adoption and grace we are made “heirs of God.” Not like men of the world, in their earthly portions, where only one in a family can be the heir, and that the first-born; but all the Church are included, for the Church itself is called “the first-born which are written in heaven.” (Heb. 12:23.) And in this heaven-born inheritance, thou hast, my soul, if thou be a child of God, a portion in God thy Father; for all his people are a nation of spiritual priests, who, like Aaron of old, “have the Lord for their portion.” (Numb. 18:20.) Yea, by virtue of thy union to Christ, who as God-man Mediator, is “heir of all things,” thou art interested in all things which are his, by virtue of his mediation. Oh, the rapturous thought! But do not stop here. By reason of this heirship, behold thy high dignity! Angels, who are high in intellect, disembodied spirits, and who excel in wisdom and in power, are servants in thine Emmanuel’s kingdom, to minister unto thee, and to all thy brethren in Jesus, who are heirs of salvation. Oh! couldst thou see how they watch over thee—how they guard thee from a thousand evils; didst thou but know how eternally safe thou art amidst a host of foes which come against thee; then, like the prophet’s servant, thou wouldst frequently see, by the eye of faith, “the mountain around thee full of horses and chariots of fire.” (2 Kings 6:17.) And who shall say to what extent their ministry is exercised? If a single angel destroyed seventy thousand in the host of Israel, at the command of God, and a hundred and fourscore and five thousand of the Assyrians, which came forth against Israel, what may not a child of God hope for, who is an heir of salvation from the perpetual ministry of these ministering spirits? (2 Sam. 24:15; 2 Kings 19:35.) O thou dear Lord, cause thine holy angels thus, by night and day, to take their stand, and watch over my defenceless hours! And, yet more than this, my adored Redeemer! come thou, and bless me with the unceasing visits of thy love, and say to me, as to thy Church of old: “Fear thou not, for I am with thee: be not dismayed, for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee, yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.” (Isaiah 41:10.)[1]


[1] Hawker, R. (1845). The Poor Man’s Evening Portion (A New Edition, pp. 238–239). Philadelphia: Thomas Wardle.

One Incredibly Important Reason Why the Case for God Matters (Video) — Cold Case Christianity

What benefit does belief in God have beyond a promise of eternal life? Are there any other good reasons for someone to believe in God? This clip was excerpted from one of J. Warner’s Q and A sessions (following a conference presentation).

To see more training videos with J. Warner Wallace, visit the YouTube playlist.

via One Incredibly Important Reason Why the Case for God Matters (Video) — Cold Case Christianity

August 10 You Gotta Go!


Though it cost all you have, get understanding.
(Proverbs 4:7, NIV)

Jimmy’s mother said, “Get up! It’s time for school.” He didn’t answer. Again she said, “Get up! It’s time to go to school.” He said, “I am not going anymore; there are 1,500 kids in that school, and they all hate me!” Sharply she replied, “You’ve got to go to school!” “I can’t,” he said, “even the teachers hate me. Give me one good reason why I should have to go through that misery.” Looking him in the eye, his mother said, “I’ll give you two. First, you are forty-two years of age, and second, you’re the principal!”

You may smile, but life is a school. It’s a never-ending education. Pablo Casals, the great cellist, was asked why at eighty-five he still practiced five hours a day. He replied, “Because I think I’m getting better.” Wow! What an attitude! Peter said, “Grow in grace and in the knowledge of the Lord” (2 Peter 3:18). The toughest decision you’ll ever make is accepting responsibility for what you are—and what you can be.

Your mistakes are not the issue—what you learn from them is. Built into every painful experience is the wisdom to build a better future. All you need is the right teacher and the right textbook. When God found Gideon, he was hiding in a cave thinking, “There’s nothing anybody can do.” God showed him that he wasn’t a captive to the Midianites; he was a captive to his own inferiority, fear, and the opinions of those around him. God had the power to do it; all He needed was Gideon to open his heart and cooperate, and the rest is history.


God has things He wants to teach you. Will you let Him?[1]


[1] Gass, B. (1998). A Fresh Word For Today : 365 Insights For Daily Living (p. 222). Alachua, FL: Bridge-Logos Publishers.

Cartoons and Memes · Aug. 10, 2020

Not Fair!


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10 Powerful Hymns to Silence Satan’s Lies

Our spiritual enemy, Satan, is real, vicious, and relentless—but he is also defeated. In Christ, we have all we need to stand victorious against every attack. The lyrics in these ten hymns remind us of this faith-bolstering truth. These words sink us deeper into God Almighty’s embrace and therefore empower us to triumph.

1. “A Wonderful Savior” by Fanny Crosby

Sometimes, bombarded by calamity, we feel vulnerable and exposed. But Scripture tells us our lives are hidden in Christ with God (Colossians 3:30). When danger comes, God “will cover [us] with His feathers, and under His wings [we] will find refuge. His faithfulness will be [our] shield and rampart” (Psalm 91:4).

Referencing the biblical account of when God showed His servant Moses His glory, Fanny wrote, “He hideth my soul in the cleft of the rock, That shadows a dry, thirsty land; He hideth my life in the depths of His love, And covers me there with His hand.”



A wonderful Savior is Jesus my Lord,
a wonderful Savior to me;
He hideth my soul in the cleft of the rock,
where rivers of pleasure I see.

He hideth my soul in the cleft of the rock
that shadows a dry, thirsty land;
He hideth my life in the depths of His love,
and covers me there with His hand,
and covers me there with His hand.

A wonderful Savior is Jesus my Lord,
He taketh my burden away;
He holdeth me up, and I shall not be moved,
He giveth me strength as my day. [Refrain]

With numberless blessings each moment He crowns,
and filled with His fullness divine,
I sing in my rapture, oh, glory to God
for such a Redeemer as mine! [Refrain]

When clothed in His brightness, transported I rise
to meet Him in clouds of the sky,
His perfect salvation, His wonderful love
I’ll shout with the millions on high. [Refrain]

Photo Credit: © Unsplash/Chris Malinao Burgett

Credit: hymnary.org

Source: 10 Powerful Hymns to Silence Satan’s Lies

Research: Angels, Demons & Spiritual Warfare — Christian Research Network

Angels, Demons & Spiritual Warfare

Do angels and demons really exist? The Bible says they do. Mentioned by name are two elect holy angels (the good guys): The Archangel Michael (Daniel 10:13) and Gabriel who carried messages (Daniel 8:16). Scripture also mentions the Angel of the Lord; the Captain of the Host of the Lord; messengers; and guardian angels.

The Bible tells the story of fallen angels (the bad guys). Lucifer, one of God’s highest angels, led a revolt against God (Isaiah 14:12-14) and was banished from Heaven along with angels who took his side. Some scholars believe that as many as one third of the angels rebelled against God.

Lucifer is known by many different names that have various meanings. For example: Satan (Mark 1:13); Devil (1 John 3:8); Abaddon (Proverbs 27:20); Evil One (John 17:15); Power of Darkness (Colossians 1:13, 14); Belial (2 Corinthians 6:15); Beelzebul (Matthew 10:25); Serpent of Old (Revelation 12:9); and Tempter (Matthew 4:3).

Fallen angels are most commonly called demons. Demons are powerful spirits that can causes all sorts of afflictions. Read what these odious creatures can do to humans here.


  • Jesus drove demons out of people who were demon possessed (Matthew 8:28) so we know demons exist. “You deaf and mute spirit,” Jesus said, “I command you, come out of him and never enter him again.” It would be a little ridiculous for Jesus to talk to demons if they didn’t exist. Clearly they can possess and control the unsaved. (Mat. 8:28-34)
  • Satan is the “god of this world.” (2 Cor. 4:4)
  • Principalities and powers (demons) are under the power of Satan. (Mat. 12:24)
  • Demons can cause sickness (Mat. 12:22); insanity (Luke 8:26-36); bodily injury (Mark 9:14-26); long term infirmities (Luke 13:11-13).
  • Holy angels are incapable of going against God, whereas unholy angels continuously go against God in their quest to lead people astray.
  • Satan and his demons have been given certain powers, but as Bible teacher John MacArthur  points out, “Satan is a servant of God and can only work within the perimeters that God defines…”
  • Jesus gave the apostles the authority to cast out demons. (Mark 16:17, 18; Luke 10:17; Acts 5:16; 8:7; 16:16-18; 19:12)
  • Satan and his demons may win many battles but in the end they will lose the war. “…we are more than conquerors through Him that loved us. For I am persuaded, that neither death nor life, nor angels nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come, nor height nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.” (Romans 8:37-39)
  • Angels and demons are personal spiritual beings. (Heb. 1:14)
  • Since they have no physical limitations they’re not bound by the laws of physics.
  • They possess intellect (Mat. 8:29, 2 Cor. 11:3), emotions (James 2:19, Rev. 12:17), and will (Luke 8:28-31, 2 Tim. 2:26).

People who contact angels (or a spirit guide) are actually contacting demons.  Demons can and do possess unbelievers but they’re not given the authority to possess believers. The reason is obvious: the moment of regeneration the Holy Spirit takes up residence in the believer – and He never leaves. Listen to the words of Jesus:

And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you. (John 14:16-17)


America’s All Out Spiritual Battle Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 By Marsha West

An Angel You Ought to Know By Loren Jacobs

Angelology The Doctrine of Angels By J. Hampton Keathley

Angels Among Us By Ron Rhodes

Are all angels safe? By Marsha West

Beware of Angels from the Dark Side By Marsha West

Conversations With the Counterfeit By Craig Branch

Do We Have Guardian Angels?

Dominionists Are on the Move…and they Mean Business By Marsha West

Ephesians 6:12, Where is the struggle, in prayer By Matt Slick

Gladiator-style takedown of demonic forces, Part 1 Part 2 By Marsha West

Holy Angles–The nine orders of angels

Is Michael the Archangel really Jesus?

Moroni, Other Sheep, and Two Sticks add up to Zero

The “Script” Underlying Spiritual Warfare Christianity By Orrel Sreinkamp

Spiritual Warfare Part 1 Part 2, Part 3Part 4

Spiritual Warfare: Fighting to Win By John MacArthur

Spurgeon on Spiritual Warfare

Visions, dreams and revelations: demon possession or genuine prophetic fits By Elizabeth Prata

What do you think about all this Satan stuff? By Marsha West

Why We Should Not Fear Satan and Demons By John MacArthur

Touched by an Angel: But Which Kind? By Berit Kjos

Unbiblical Ideas About Angels By Marsha West

What does Kabbalah teach about Angels By Matt Slick

Who is the Angel of the Lord?


Carnal Weapons: Binding & Rebuking – Spiritual Warfare Justin Peters & Jim Osman


  • For he shall give his angels charge over thee to keep thee in all thy ways.  — 1 Psalms 11
  • Be not forgetful to entertain strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels   unawares. — 13 Hebrews 2

For I am sure that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord. 8 Romans 38-39

via Research: Angels, Demons & Spiritual Warfare — Christian Research Network

Media Ignoring Trump Fight On Trafficking; Will Biden’s VP Give Him A Boost?

Pres. Trump: “This is an urgent humanitarian issue. My administration is committed to leveraging every resource we have to confront this threat, to support the victims and survivors, and to hold traffickers accountable for their heinous crimes.”